Original Research

Investigating gender differences in housework and religion in marital conflict in Cameroon

Nkaze Chateh
Inkanyiso | Vol 14, No 1 | a18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ink.v14i1.18 | © 2022 Nkaze Chateh | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 December 2022 | Published: 21 December 2022

About the author(s)

Nkaze Chateh, Department of Conflict Analysis and Resolution, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, United States

Abstract

This article presents the findings of a study that measured the extent gender differences in division of housework and religion affected marital conflict in Bamenda, Cameroon. There is extant literature on the general causes of marital conflict from Western studies, such as use of drugs, alcohol, physical and verbal abuse, income, unequal distribution of housework and infidelity, but there is a gap in the body of knowledge for Cameroon, Africa. Studying this phenomenon was of interest because it has been asserted that gender inequality is institutionalised in Cameroon. Rational choice theory (RCT) is used to analyse the phenomenon. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to analyse the quantitative data. A total of 180 participants completed the questionnaires. The findings revealed that there is no statistical difference between the wife doing all the household chores and marital conflict; equally, there is no statistical difference between the wife’s practice of religion and marital conflict. The findings of this study provide new data that could be used to inform public policy, and support educators, religious ministers and practitioners in conflict management. Recommendations are suggested for public policy consideration.

Keywords

marital conflict; division of housework; religion; analysis of variance (ANOVA); rational choice theory (RCT); empowerment; marriage in Cameroon; feminism; gender differences.

JEL Codes

A10: General; A13: Relation of Economics to Social Values

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 8: Decent work and economic growth

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